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This listing contains many of the leading pharmaceutical companies in the world, which becomes easier with time as these entities merge and acquire each other constantly (thus, so many hyphens in names or compound names, kind of like a marriage). The second part lists companies not in the pharmaceutical mainstream, and more likely to do research into genetic engineering, biotechnology, and other non-drug approaches for treating disease.
For an exhaustive listing of every pharmaceutical company in any country you choose, you should check out MediLexicon's amazing Pharmaceutical Company Directory. It lists over 100 pharmas in the US alone; you can search using the company's first letter (if known) and/or several keywords you can enter in the search box.
3M Pharmaceuticals "We're a global leader offering innovative products and solutions for medical, oral care, health information management, drug delivery and food safety."
Aastrom Biosciences, Inc. "a leader in the development of enhanced autologous cellular therapies for use in the treatment of severe, chronic cardiovascular diseases."
Abbott Laboratories "We are a global, broad-based health care company devoted to discovering new medicines, new technologies and new ways to manage health. Our products span the continuum of care, from nutritional products and laboratory diagnostics through medical devices and pharmaceutical therapies."
ACADIA Pharmaceuticals "a biopharmaceutical company utilizing innovative technology to fuel drug discovery and clinical development of novel treatments for central nervous system disorders."
Acorda Therapeutics Their aim is "to develop therapies that could restore neurological function and improve the lives of people with multiple sclerosis (MS), spinal cord injury (SCI) and other disorders of the nervous system."
Aerogen "a specialty medical device and drug delivery company that is dedicated to improving the therapeutic options available to care givers and to reducing the cost of care for patients with respiratory disorders in the critical care setting."
A.G. Scientific, Inc. "We strive to produce the most innovative and highest quality biochemicals available to the life science research community."
A.P. Pharma "a specialty pharmaceutical company developing products using its proprietary Biochronomer™ polymer-based drug delivery technology."
Alexion Pharmaceuticals "a global biopharmaceutical company that combines groundbreaking science with a steadfast commitment to meeting the needs of patients living with severe, life-threatening and often ultra-rare diseases."
Allergan, Inc. "a multi-specialty health care company focused on discovering, developing and commercializing innovative pharmaceuticals, biologics, medical devices and over-the-counter consumer products."
Amgen Inc. "Our success depends on superior scientific innovation, integrity and continuous improvement in all aspects of our business through the application of the scientific method."
AMRI "AMRI provides scientific services, products and technologies that improve quality of life while delivering excellence, value and maximum return."
Anogen We "design and develop a variety of products including monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies, immunoassay/ELISA kits, matched antibody pairs, immunoglobulins, hybridomas, bioactive peptides, and recombinant proteins."
ARIAD Pharmaceuticals, Inc. "dedicated to developing new, breakthrough therapies with the potential to transform the lives of patients with difficult-to-treat cancers."
ARYx Therapeutics, Inc. "discovers and develops novel drugs for large, chronic disease markets, unresolved by currently available therapies due to limitations in drug design and metabolism problems."
AstraZeneca "Our skills and resources are focused on discovering, developing and marketing medicines for some of the world's most serious illnesses, including cancer, heart disease, neurological disorders such as schizophrenia, respiratory disease and infection."
Baxter Health Care products "We define sustainability as a long-term approach to including our social, economic and environmental responsibilities among our business priorities. Baxter's efforts in this area align with and support our mission of saving and sustaining lives."
Bayer HealthCare "Pharmaceuticals invests large sums in research and development to improve patients' quality of life and prolong their lives. The focus is on therapeutic areas with a high medical need, where even more innovations are needed despite considerable progress."
BioCryst Pharmaceuticals, Inc. "With expertise in drug discovery, clinical development and regulatory affairs, we continue to advance our clinical programs and to generate new compounds from our own discovery engine."
Boehringer Ingelheim "The objectives and beliefs of Boehringer Ingelheim can be summed up in a single phrase: Value through Innovation. This vision has helped us to build on our strengths and make the most of our distinctive character. In a competitive and fast-changing world, the value of products, services and companies is constantly changing."
Bristol-Myers Squibb "we are firmly focused on our Mission to discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases. In addition, we are steadfast in our Commitment to economic, social and environmental sustainability."
Century Pharmaceuticals, Inc. "a distributor of prescription and non-prescription pharmaceuticals" In fact. the company's sole product is called Dakin's Solution®, used for cleansing, treating, and healing injuries of many kinds. It is one of the few such products that has been proven to kill MRSA bacteria.
CIBA-Geigy now part of BASF, which is the world's leading chemical company. With about 109,000 employees, six Verbund sites and close to 385 production sites worldwide we serve customers and partners in almost all countries of the world."
Cubist Pharmaceuticals, Inc. "a bio-pharmaceutical company focused on the research, commercialization and creation of pharmaceutical products that address unmet medical needs in the acute care environment." Acquired Adolor Corp., a major supplier of products for pain patients, in Dec. 2011.
Eli Lilly & Company Pharmaceuticals " are now the 10th largest pharmaceutical company in the world. We have steadfastly remained independent, but not isolated. Across the globe, Lilly has developed productive alliances and partnerships that advance our capacity to develop innovative medicines at lower costs."
GlaxoSmithKline "We have a challenging and inspiring mission: to improve the quality of human life by enabling people to do more, feel better and live longer. This mission gives us the purpose to develop innovative medicines and products that help millions of people around the world."
Glaxo-Wellcome Pharmacology Guide "The Pharmacology Guide is a quick reference guide to most of the important terms and concepts of pharmacology. It is not a substitute for standard textbooks, but it will act as an aide-memoire for the student who encounters the terms in the scientific literature or in exam revision. It will also help pharmacologists just starting a career in research"
Hoechst - Division Pharmaceuticals
Johnson & Johnson "The values that guide our decision making are spelled out in Our Credo. Put simply, Our Credo challenges us to put the needs and well-being of the people we serve first."
McKesson Corp "McKesson is made up of many businesses, all serving the health care industry."
Merck (includes Merck Manual) "Our business is preserving and improving human life. We also work to improve animal health. All of our actions must be measured by our success in achieving these goals."
Novartis "We want to discover, develop and successfully market innovative products to prevent and cure diseases, to ease suffering and to enhance the quality of life."
Pfizer ""we at Pfizer are committed to applying science and our global resources to improve health and well-being at every stage of life. We strive to provide access to safe, effective and affordable medicines and related health care services to the people who need them."
Purdue Frederick - Partners Against Pain "managing your chronic pain"
Roche Pharmaceuticals "We strive to address unmet medical needs through excellence in science – from early detection and prevention of diseases to diagnosis, treatment and treatment monitoring."
Roxane Pain Institute [Note: Roxane is now a wholly-owned subsidiary of Boehringer Ingelheim]. Site features much information for patients experiencing pain, which includes treatments for chronic pain.
Sanofi-Aventis "Sanofi-Aventis, a leading global pharmaceutical company, discovers, develops, and distributes therapeutic solutions to improve the lives of everyone. We work to prevent and treat the diseases that we know of today, as well as those we may face tomorrow."
Wyeth Health Care Wyeth has been a leader in the development of successful pharmaceuticals and health care products for both consumers and animals. For instance, they developed venlafaxine (Effexor®) and have now introduced one of Effexor's main metabolites, the O--demethylated analog, called desvenlafaxine, called Pristiq®. The compact, easily navigated site is worth a look! (Incidentally, Wyeth is in the process of being acquired by Pfizer.)
Zeneca Pharmaceutical "For the wider community, we want to be valued for the contribution our medicines can make to society and trusted for the way in which we do business."
The following companies are involved in the "Pharmaceutical and Biotech" industry.
[This is true of many companies in the above list; the following firms concentrate more in the biotechnology area.]
AkzoNobel "We supply industries and consumers worldwide with innovative products and are passionate about developing sustainable answers for our customers. Our portfolio includes well known brands such as Dulux, Sikkens, International and Eka."
Amgen "Amgen strives to serve patients by transforming the promise of science and biotechnology into therapies that have the power to restore health or even save lives."
Astella Pharma US, Inc. "we improve lives through innovative and effective medicines. Our dedication to changing tomorrow for patients and our customers fits closely with our strong scientific orientation and focus on the community in which we work and live. "
Baxter U.S. "A leader in healthcare for 80 years, Baxter assists healthcare professionals and their patients with treatment of complex medical conditions."
BD (was Becton-Dickinson) "BD is a medical technology company that serves healthcare institutions, life science researchers, clinical laboratories, industry and the general public."
Biogen Idec "We were among the world's first biotechnology companies, and today we are the oldest independent biotech firm in the world."
Boehringer Ingelheim "Our focus is primarily in the therapeutic areas of cardiovascular disease, respiratory diseases, diseases of the central nervous system, metabolic diseases, virological diseases and oncology."
Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. "The Chugai Group upholds its mission statement—which consists of its mission, its core values and its envisioned future—in order to be a business that meets a diverse array of stakeholder expectations as it realizes its corporate responsibility to society."
Eisai "Around the world there are still many diseases for which no effective treatments exist and many patients who do not have adequate access to the medicines they need. As a global pharmaceutical company addressing these unmet medical needs, Eisai is committed to making contributions to better healthcare for patients and their families around the world through its business activities."
Forest Laboratories "Forest has well-established franchises in the therapeutic areas of the central nervous and cardiovascular systems, and we are always exploring new product opportunities that address a range of health conditions."
Genentech "Considered the founder of the biotechnology industry, Genentech has been delivering on the promise of biotechnology for more than 30 years, using human genetic information to discover, develop, manufacture and commercialize medicines to treat patients with serious or life-threatening medical conditions."
Gilead Sciences "Since 1987, Gilead Sciences has worked to discover, develop and commercialize medications to advance the care of patients suffering from life-threatening diseases in areas of unmet medical need."
Nycomed "Nycomed is a privately owned, global mid-sized pharmaceutical company with headquarters in Zurich, Switzerland. The company employs 12,500 associates worldwide and has affiliates in more than 70 countries, bringing medicines that matter to patients worldwide."
Procter & Gamble "Driven by passionate people and a common purpose, P&G brings beloved brands to consumers around the world—including our 50 Leadership Brands that are among the world's most well known household names."
Solvay "Solvay is an international industrial Group active in Chemistry, offering a broad range of products and solutions that contribute to improving quality of life."
Takeda Pharmaceutical Company "Takeda is a research-based global pharmaceutical company. It is the largest pharmaceutical company in Japan and one of the global leaders of the industry. Setting our management philosophy, "Takeda-ism" as the basis of business, Takeda is committed to striving towards better health for patients worldwide through leading innovation in medicine."
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries an interesting factoid: Teva is the world's largest producer of generic drugs